1865 OC-3
Repunched 5 - Top-30 Variety

Die Pair 3 - 1864 A
Date Grid LE / 4-3.5 / VS up
Obverse Die States a
Estimated Rarity R5+
1, 5 Vertical SH, SH
Reverse Die States d



Comments:
   This is the only use of Obverse 3 and the second of 3 uses of Reverse 1864 A in 1865.
Reverse 1864 A was first used in 1864 to strike die marriage OC-1.


Obverse 3

The following photo shows the Obverse 3 attribution grid. The 5 is multiply punched, with separation large enough to consider it a misplaced date. The arrows point to 3 different remnants of earlier punches. There is also some evidence of repunching on the 1. Because of the rarity of this die marriage we havenít been able to examine any high-grade examples, and therefore we donít have a good picture. Weíve included 1865 OC-3 as one of our Top-30 varieties.



1865 Obverse 3 attribution grid
and multiply punched 5


Obverse 3 Die States
  1. Perfect die.
No later die states have been observed.


Reverse 1864 A

Reverse 1864 A displays faint extensions of the first 3 vertical shield lines, shown in the following photo, that allow definitive attribution for mid- to high-grade examples.



Reverse 1864 A shield line extensions


All 1865 uses of Reverse 1864 A display a die crack across the top of many of the letters. The crack joining ER is notably irregular and can be used as an additional marker. This is shown in the photo below.



Reverse 1864 A die crack joining ERI


Reverse A Die States
  1. Perfect die.
  2. A very faint die crack across the top of ERI.
  3. Very faint die clashing visible in the second shield recess.
  4. Faint die cracks surround the reverse.
No later die states have been observed. OC-3 is found only with state d.



Photo credits:

Obverse 3:   1865 PCGS AU50, from the Osburn-Cushing reference collection.
Reverse 1864 A:   1864 PCGS AU details, cleaned, from the Osburn-Cushing reference collection.
Reverse 1864 A die crack:   1864 PCGS XF45, from the Osburn-Cushing reference collection.


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