1869 OC-1
Doubled Die Obverse and Reverse - Top-30 Variety

Die Pair 1 - A
Date Grid LE / 4-4.0 / Level
Obverse Die States a
Estimated Rarity R4
1, 9 Vertical C, VSL
Reverse Die States a, b

   This is the only use of Obverse 1 and the first of three uses of Reverse A.

Obverse 1

The photo below shows the Obverse 1 attribution grid. Also note the die doubling, most visible on the shield lines, and the repunching on the 1.

1869 Obverse 1 attribution grid,
Doubled die, and repunched 1

There are also several small lumps on the gown that are visible on mid-grade coins. These are shown below.

1869 Obverse 1 lumps in gown

Obverse 1 Die States
  1. Perfect die.
No later die states have been observed.

Reverse A

Reverse A displays very notable die doubling, most visible on the motto. This is similar to the doubling on several other reverses, particularly the proof-only reverse, PA. Unfortunately there are no other easily visible die markers. The unfinished area between the lower and middle leaves is much larger on Reverse A.

1869 Reverse A die doubling

Reverse A Die States
  1. Perfect die.
  2. A fine die crack connects the upper part of the TE in UNITED.
  3. The die cracks have progressed. A crack crosses the top of MERIC. Another connects the top of ST, running down through the middle of A1 and back to the top of T3..
  4. An additional die crack at the base of ONE DOL. Another across the top of UNITED.
  5. The die cracks are heavier and now completely surround the reverse.
OC-1 is found with reverse die states a and b.

We’ve seen several examples of this die marriage mis-attributed as proofs by the grading services.

Photo credits:

Obverse 1 and Reverse A:   1869 PCGS PR61 (mis-attributed as a proof by PCGS), from the Osburn-Cushing reference collection.
Obverse 1 die pits:   1869 NGC PR61 (mis-attributed as a proof by NGC), from the Heritage archives.

Copyright © 2015, by Dick Osburn and Brian Cushing, All rights reserved.