1870-CC OC-8
Top-30 Variety (with 60 degree die rotation)

Die Pair 2 - E
Date Grid JL of C / 4-4.5 / Level
Obverse Die States a
Estimated Rarity R4+
1, 0 Vertical SH, SH
Reverse Die States a, b

   This is the fourth and final use of Obverse 2 and the only use of Reverse E in 1870.
Reverse E was subsequently used to strike all 1873-CC examples.

Obverse 2

The following photo shows the attribution lines for Obverse 2. This die is easy to identify since itís the only obverse with the base of the 1 lining up left of centered.

1870-CC Obverse 2 attribution grid

Obverse 2 Die States
  1. Perfect die.
No later die states have been observed.

Reverse E

The following photo shows the attribution lines for
1870-CC Reverse E. Reverse E is the first of the two medium CC reverses. These can be difficult to differentiate. The second C is farther to the right on Reverse E, and thus closer to the stem. The Reverse E mintmarks are barely wider than Reverse F. The line from the feather tip to the upper right edge of the E in ONE passes through the upper serif of the first C for Reverse E, while on Reverse F it just grazes the right side of the serif.

1870-CC Reverse E attribution lines

Reverse E Die States
  1. Perfect die.
  2. Faint signs of die clashing. The most notable mark is a line extending from the tip of the upper leaf to the left wing.
Reverse E is seen only in the OC-8 die marriage. In late die states the dies began to rotate. In the latest state examples of this die marriage exhibit a 60 degree die rotation. Weíve included this end state as one of our
Top-30 varieties. We estimate its rarity as R5+. Our reference example of this rotation has a state b reverse. We havenít determined which came first, the rotation or the clashing. Itís possible that the dies clashed, were removed for polishing, and began rotating when returned to the coining press.

Photo credits:

Obverse 2:   1870-CC PCGS AU55, from the Osburn-Cushing reference collection.
Reverse E:   1870-CC PCGS AU55 CAC, from the Osburn-Cushing reference collection.

Copyright © 2015-2021, by Dick Osburn and Brian Cushing, All rights reserved.