1845





General Comments

1845 is a desirable date in the Liberty Seated Dollar series, primarily because of its relatively low mintage. With a mintage ranking of 17th out of 47 the date is scarce, but not rare. It can easily be found with patient searching. Mint state examples are rare, but lower grades are easily located.

In mint state 1845 is one of the rarest dates in the Liberty Seated Dollar series. The finest known coins are two MS64 examples, one graded by PCGS, the other by NGC. Six additional coins have been graded MS63, three by PCGS and three by NGC. Only 42 coins have been graded in all mint state grades (statistics as of February, 2017).

Proof coins are also notable rarities, but not quite as rare as some of the other dates in the 1840’s. The finest known proof is a single PR67, the Pittman-Kaufman coin, graded by NGC. Two additional coins have been graded PR66, both by NGC. Nineteen coins have been graded at lower levels, the lowest PR55. Several of these are almost certainly re-submissions.


Mintage 24,500
Proof mintage 25 estimated
Mintage ranking 17th
Finest known MS64 (2)
PR67
Known obverse dies 3
Known reverse dies 2
Known die marriages 3
Most common die marriage OC-1 / R2
Rarest business strike die marriage OC-1 / R2
Rarest proof die marriage OC-P2 / R8

1845 examples are usually well struck, but sometimes display slight softness on the star centrals and/or the upper left wing feathers. Most high-grade business strikes are prooflike or semi-prooflike. Due to the low mintage the dies didn’t wear enough to eliminate their prooflike appearance.

Only 3 die marriages have been identified. A single pair of dies was used to strike all business strikes. Neither die was used for proofs. Two proof die marriages were struck using two different obverse dies, each paired with the reverse used for all proofs in the 1840’s. Attribution is simple since each obverse die exhibits a significantly different date placement.

1845 Die Marriages

The following table summarizes the known die marriages for 1845, with specific comments following.

Click the links below to view the details of the die marriages.

Die Marriage

Rarity

Obverse Die

Reverse Die

Estimated Survivors

OC-1 R2 1 A 1250
OC-P1 R7- P1 1840 PA 12
OC-P2 R8 P2 1840 PA 3
Rarity estimates updated based on data through 9/11/16


OC-1 is the only known business strike die marriage. The dies are normally clashed. The clashing is most visible in the field under Miss Liberty’s right arm. Examples are known with a single clash and with two clashes, the latter being the most common. We’ve seen a few examples with perfect dies, no signs of clashing, but this die state seems to be quite rare.

OC-P1 is the most often seen proof die marriage. It shows major repunching on the 84, most notable on the 8. We’ve included this variety as one of our Top-30. Of the 10 or so estimated survivors 4 or 5 are mishandled or lightly circulated. The remainder are holdered and vary from PR61 to PR67. The finest known is the PR67 example slabbed by NGC and pedigreed to the Pittman and Kaufman collections.

The OC-P2 variety appears to be extremely rare. We’ve found records of only two sales in the Heritage archives. Both examples were sold in NGC PR65 holders, though the holder numbers are different. Based on photo matching we can’t confirm that they are the same, so we’ve assumed that they represent two different coins. A coin in the National Collection at the Smithsonian is purported to be this die marriage, but we haven’t viewed it to confirm that attribution.

Breen lists a possible third proof die marriage, an obverse with a normal date paired with a reverse different from Reverse 1840 PA. He cites the coin in the National Coin Collection as an example. To date we’ve been unable to confirm this die marriage. We hope to review the national collection at some future date. If their 1845 proof is indeed an example of this die marriage we’ll add it to our reference at that time as OC-P3.

1845 Business Strike Emission Sequence

With only one business strike die marriage the emission sequence isn't terribly interesting.

Emission Order

Die Marriage

Comments

1 OC-1


1845 Proof Emission Sequence

The proof emission sequence is purely arbitrary. There was not enough wear on Reverse 1840 PA to conclusively identify the sequence.

Emission Order

Die Marriage

Comments

1 OC-P1
2 OC-P1


1845 Quick Finder Chart

The table below shows the characteristics that allow quick identification of the die marriages.

Die Marriage

Obv. Die

Rev. Die

Right Base of 1

1 Verticle

Grid

Keys to Identification

OC-1 1 A JR of LE VSH 4-5.0 Obverse:   Right base of 1 is LE. Almost always seen with clash marks in the field under Miss Liberty's arm.
Reverse:   Heavy die line in upper right shield recesses.
OC-P1 P1 1840 PA L QTR H 5-1.5 Obverse:   Date right.
Reverse:   Defects on A3.
OC-P2 P2 1840 PA JR of C SH 4-2.5 Obverse:   Date left.
Reverse:   Defects on A3.


Photo credits:

Obverse 1 and Reverse A:   NGC PR67, finest known, ex. Pittman/Kaufman, from the Heritage archives.


Copyright © 2015, by Dick Osburn and Brian Cushing, All rights reserved.